1. From Kusadasi: Private Ephesus Shore Excursion
This full-day guided tour from Kusadasi takes you to explore what is unquestionably one of the greatest sites of antiquity. One of the main appeals of Kusadasi is its proximity to the ancient city of Ephesus, the best-preserved classical city in the Eastern Mediterranean. Cleopatra, Mark Antony, the Virgin Mary, and John the Apostle all once walked its streets. The largest open-air museum in Turkey, Ephesus contains more than 30 buildings and structures linked together by streets that still bear the marks of ancient chariot wheels. See the awe-inspiring Great Theater, where St. Paul preached against the pagans and gladiators once engaged in battle. Walk along Marble Street to the Library of Celsus, the facade of which has been remarkably restored. You will also visit the Temple of Hadrian, Roman baths, and many other remarkable ruins. The Church of the Virgin Mary lies just beyond Ephesus. According to Christian tradition, Mary was brought to Ephesus by the Apostle John after the resurrection of Christ and lived out her final days here. This church was erected on the foundation of that house, and its authenticity has been confirmed by Pope Paul VI and Pope John Paul II. The Temple of Artemis, is one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. Today there are only a series of columns and scattered ruins of this marvelous Hellenistic construction, though the grandeur of this colossal structure once exceeded that of the Parthenon. Another possible site is the Terrace Houses, located on the hill, opposite the Hadrian Temple. Also called 'the houses of rich', important for the reason that they give us information about family life during the Roman period. They were built according to the Hippodamian plan in which roads were transected at right angles. There are six residential units on three terraces at the lower end of the slope of the Bulbul Mountain. The oldest building dates back to the 1st century BC and continued in use as a residence until the 7th century AD. The trip can also contain a visit to the Basilica of St.John: It is believed that the evangelist St. John spent his last years in the region around Ephesus and was buried on the southern slope of Ayosolug Hill. Three hundred years after his death, a small chapel was constructed over the grave. The church of St John was changed into a marvelous basilica during the region of Emperor Justinian (527 -565 AD). St John, or the Apostle John, was the writer of the Fourth Gospel and the book of Revelation. The Ephesus Museum is different from other many museums. It is not designed according to chronological order, on the contrary, it has rooms with a theme. The rooms are called The House Findings Room, The Hall of The Fountain Relics, The Hall of The Funerary Relics, The Hall of Artemis, etc.