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Languedoc-Roussillon Culture & history

Our most recommended Languedoc-Roussillon Culture & history

Carcassonne: Castle and Ramparts Skip-the-Line Ticket

1. Carcassonne: Castle and Ramparts Skip-the-Line Ticket

Carcassonne was settled as early as the 6th century BC and later became an important Roman town. It was fortified in the 4th century and was a strategic site in the Middle Ages. It took on its definitive shape in the 13th century with the king’s decision to construct the distinctive double-walled ramparts and extend the castle. The city was restored by Viollet-le-Duc in the 19th century and is a testimony to 1,000 years of military architecture and 2,500 years of history. Left in ruins after the the Cathar Crusade (1209-1229), the Inquisition and exile of the Trencavel family, Eugène Viollet-le-Duc was commissioned by the French state in 1844 to restore the city of Cathar. Completed in 1911 under the direction of his pupil Paul Boeswillwald, the royal city was returned to its original splendor, finally being inscribed on UNESCO’s World Heritage list in 1997. In a new, self-guided addition to this tour, guests are invited to see the magnificent views from the medieval western ramparts. 

Cité de Carcassonne: Guided Tour

2. Cité de Carcassonne: Guided Tour

Come along on this guided tour and learn all about the history of this fascinating city.  Enter through the main entrance, known as Porte Narbonnaise, to the medieval city. Learn about the fortifications built by the Romans. Cross the main street, Rue Cross Mayrevieille to the castle. Discover the museum inside the castle and develop a better understanding of the Trencavel family that defended the Cathars during the Albigensian Crusade.  Walk along the top of the wall, crossing both medieval and Roman towers as you head towards the church. Hear an explanation about the architecture of the gothic church and see the beautiful stained glass windows, built between the 13th to 16th centuries. Walkthrough the streets of the ancient religious quarter and learn about the inquisition in Carcassonne and Toulouse. The tour will conclude next to the Castle where you'll hear about the restoration work that happened in the 19th century.

Cité de Carcassonne: Private Guided Group Tour

3. Cité de Carcassonne: Private Guided Group Tour

Come along on this tour and learn all about the history of this fascinating city.  Enter through the main entrance, known as Porte Narbonnaise, to the medieval city. Learn about the fortifications built by the Romans. Cross the main street, Rue Cross Mayrevieille to the castle. Discover the museum inside the castle and develop a better understanding of the Trencavel family that defended the Cathars during the Albigensian Crusade.  Walk along the top of the wall, crossing both medieval and Roman towers as you head towards the church. Hear an explanation (in English, French or Italian) about the architecture of the Gothic church and see the beautiful stained glass windows, built between the 13th and 16th centuries. Walk through the streets of the ancient religious quarter and learn about the inquisition in Carcassonne and Toulouse.

Pont du Gard, Uzès & Nîmes: Half-Day Tour with Entry Fees

4. Pont du Gard, Uzès & Nîmes: Half-Day Tour with Entry Fees

Visit of the charming medieval town of Uzès, founded during the Roman era and the site of an aqueduct that was built to supply the city of Nîmes. The Pont du Gard is the most well-known stretch of the aqueduct left standing. On this 5-hour program, you’ll see the traces of Roman civilization in Uzès as well as substantial monuments from the Middle Ages. Visit the famous 2,000-year-old Pont du Gard, a section of the Roman aqueduct that provided water to Nîmes. The highly photographed bridge was listed by UNESCO in 1985 as a World Heritage Site. You’ll discover the treasures of Nîmes, including the Coliseum that is considered to be second only to the Coliseum in Rome. Its Roman amphitheater is still in use and today has a seating capacity of 10,000.

Toulouse: Carcassonne Day Trip

5. Toulouse: Carcassonne Day Trip

If you're staying in Toulouse and want to discover the Cité de Carcassonne, the Comtal Castle, the Saint Nazaire Basilica and more historical highlights, this is the perfect day tour for you. Located 1 hour from Toulouse, Carcassonne is one of the 25 great sites of Midi-Pyrénées. In Cathar country and at the heart of the fortified city, you can discover the Château of the Counts of Carcassonne and the Remparts, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. You will departure from Toulouse at 9:30AM (check-in is at 9:15AM), with a planned arrival in Carcassonne at 10:30AM.  Following your day of discovery, you will depart from Carcassonne at 4:30PM, with a planned return to Toulouse at 5:30PM.

Aigues Mortes: Medieval Ramparts Entry Ticket

6. Aigues Mortes: Medieval Ramparts Entry Ticket

Step back in time and discover the thrilling world of medieval France at the Aigues Mortes Ramparts. With their use dating back to 1278, the ramparts stand as a historical record of architectural strategies used in medieval warfare, as well as the centuries-long struggle between Catholics and Protestants. Built to protect the Mediterranean port of Aigues Mortes, the fortifications comprise 20 towers and nearly a mile of stone wall. Amble past the multiple entrances to the wall, including the Gardette Door, and gaze up at the Tower of Constance, one of the most well-preserved examples of medieval towers — used in the 19th century as a prison for Protestant dissidents. Keep your eyes peeled for traces of the projectiles fired at the ramparts during the many conflicts that occurred along the walls, each a priceless account of over 700 years of French military history.

From Marseille: Provence Sightseeing Tour and Wine Tasting

7. From Marseille: Provence Sightseeing Tour and Wine Tasting

Explore some of the historic sites of Provence on a full-day minibus tour from Marseille, starting with the medieval city of Avignon. Drive along the docks between the Rhône River and historic city walls, looking at the Saint-Benezet Bridge made famous by the children's song, “Sur le Pont d'Avignon.” See the impressive Palais des Papes (Popes' Palace), the site of the Papacy in the 14th century before their return to Rome. Sample the wines of the Rhône River valley in the legendary village of Châteauneuf-du-Pape, boasting a castle ruin that overlooks the vineyards of the Châteauneuf-du-Pape appellation. Visit the cellar of a winery for a complimentary wine-tasting session. Next, drive to the Pont du Gard to see the remains of the Roman aqueduct that supplied water to the city of Nîmes. Continue to the Alpilles Mountains to visit the lofty village of Les Baux de Provence, located on a rocky spur overlooking the valley. Take an unforgettable journey back to the Middle Ages at Les Baux, before your return journey to Marseille.

Carcassonne: Medieval Citadel Exploration Game

8. Carcassonne: Medieval Citadel Exploration Game

Explore medieval France through the bustling streets and imposing city walls of Carcassonne with this city exploration game for your smartphone. Book the game, use the access code e-mailed to you and then head to Gambetta Square to start your quest. Go at your own pace to solve the clues and see the city at the same time. Finish your quest at Chateau Comtal.

2-Hour Private Walking Tour of Carcassonne

9. 2-Hour Private Walking Tour of Carcassonne

The walled city of Carcassonne in Languedoc is world renowned as a spectacular fortified medieval city. But this rocky spur has been occupied since the 6th-Century BC, first as a Gallic settlement and later as a fortified Roman city. The Visigoths seized the city in the 5th-Century, and were followed by the Saracens, who remained in control for a mere 30 years before the Francs expelled them. Restored by Viollet-le-Duc in the 19th-Century, the city fortress was consecrated in 1997 as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, while the former military enclosure of the lower town’s "La Bastide Saint-Louis" is listed as a conservation area. Take a 2-hour private walking tour, personalized to your own schedule and rhythm, visiting the sights you would like to visit. Explore medieval architecture and discover the rich culture that has inspired poets and writers, including William Faulkner. The city is divided into 2 parts; the town and the famous Cité de Carcassonne. Typically we pay more attention to the Cité, but if you would like to visit the town the tour can be customized to suit. Discover the castle and ramparts at the heart of the medieval city; explore the Cathedral and the Basilica of Saint Nazaire; and visit la porte Narbonnaise, which was the principal entrance to the Cité. A dream like destination with a romantic ambience, the tour is tailor-made to enchant you.

Nimes Historical Center 2-Hour Private Walking Tour

10. Nimes Historical Center 2-Hour Private Walking Tour

Discover the city of Nimes on a privately guided and customizable tour. See the city’s beautifully preserved architecture from the Roman era, and admire sites such as the Amphitheater that was built in the 1st century BC.  See the Arena of Nîmes, remodeled in the 19th century to serve as a bullring. Admire the construction and its excellent state of preservation that has allowed groups such as Rammstein and Metallica to perform memorable concerts in the arena.  Visit the Jardin de La Fontaine, the 17th-century park in the city center, and admire the ruined Roman Tour Magne and the Temple de Diane. Discover the Maison Carrée, the Roman temple that's so miraculously intact it looks as though it was built yesterday, and explore the exterior architecture of the Musée des Beaux-Arts de Nîmes.  Your private tour will take you wherever you wish to go, all in the company of your own personal guide who will help you uncover one of Europe’s most magnificent Roman cities.

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What people are saying about Languedoc-Roussillon

Overall rating

5.0 / 5

based on 2 reviews

A great way to experience the whole France while staying in Paris. Great activity especially for children and teenagers. Our teenage daughters rated it as the best activity we experienced in Paris.

The guide was kind, well-studied, and I understood the historical background very well. Also, the French guide's English was almost perfect.

Purchased the ticket a day before! I was scan and go in, there was no line to begin with.

Harry’s tour was great. A lot of information but it is really interesting for me

Simply essential to book to avoid long queues during tourist season.